Number: 301 International Organized Crime <desc> Identify organizations that participate in international criminal activity, the activity, and, if possible, collaborating organizations and the countries involved. <narr> A relevant document must as a minimum identify the organization and the type of illegal activity (e.g., Columbian cartel exporting cocaine). Vague references to international drug trade without identification of the organization(s) involved would not be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 302 <title> Poliomyelitis and Post-Polio <desc> Is the disease of Poliomyelitis (polio) under control in the world? <narr> Relevant documents should contain data or outbreaks of the polio disease (large or small scale), medical protection against the disease, reports on what has been labeled as "post-polio" problems. Of interest would be location of the cases, how severe, as well as what is being done in the "post-polio" area. </top> <top> <num> Number: 303 <title> Hubble Telescope Achievements <desc> Identify positive accomplishments of the Hubble telescope since it was launched in 1991. <narr> Documents are relevant that show the Hubble telescope has produced new data, better quality data than previously available, data that has increased human knowledge of the universe, or data that has led to disproving previously existing theories or hypotheses. Documents limited to the shortcomings of the telescope would be irrelevant. Details of repairs or modifications to the telescope without reference to positive achievements would not be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 304 <title> Endangered Species (Mammals) <desc> Compile a list of mammals that are considered to be endangered, identify their habitat and, if possible, specify what threatens them. <narr> Any document identifying a mammal as endangered is relevant. Statements of authorities disputing the endangered status would also be relevant. A document containing information on habitat and populations of a mammal identified elsewhere as endangered would also be relevant even if the document at hand did not identify the species as endangered. Generalized statements about endangered species without reference to specific mammals would not be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 305 <title> Most Dangerous Vehicles <desc> Which are the most crashworthy, and least crashworthy, passenger vehicles? <narr> A relevant document will contain information on the crashworthiness of a given vehicle or vehicles that can be used to draw a comparison with other vehicles. The document will have to describe/compare vehicles, not drivers. For instance, it should be expected that vehicles preferred by 16-25 year-olds would be involved in more crashes, because that age group is involved in more crashes. I would view number of fatalities per 100 crashes to be more revealing of a vehicle's crashworthiness than the number of crashes per 100,000 miles, for example. </top> <top> <num> Number: 306 <title> African Civilian Deaths <desc> How many civilian non-combatants have been killed in the various civil wars in Africa? <narr> A relevant document will contain specific casualty information for a given area, country, or region. It will cite numbers of civilian deaths caused directly or indirectly by armed conflict. </top> <top> <num> Number: 308 <title> Implant Dentistry <desc> What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of tooth implants? <narr> A tooth replacement procedure, begun in the 1960s by Doctor Branemark, is becoming more widely used today. It involves the replacement of a lost tooth/teeth by an implantation process which secures the fabricated tooth to a titanium post with an adhesive resulting in a stable and sturdy denture almost like the original. A relevant document will include any clinical experiment, report, study, paper, or medical discussion which describes the advantages or disadvantages of tooth implant(s), conditions under which such a procedure is favorable, denture comfort and function compared to false teeth, bridge, or plate and comparative cost differential. </top> <top> <num> Number: 309 <title> Rap and Crime <desc> Evidence that rap music has a negative effect on young people. <narr> The lyrics to Rap music are replete with words which degrade women, glorify drug abuse, the killing of policemen and even romanticize suicide. The music industry was asked "to clean up its act" because of the detrimental effect it was having upon teenagers. There were some instances in which teenagers, who demonstrated no sign of internal strife, committed suicide. The only clues to their self-destruction were notes found near the bodies with lyrics from Rap songs relating to suicide. A relevant item should include any psychological study, evidence, poll, documentation, or psychological opinion that Rap music has a deleterious effect upon young people and has led to a discernible change in personality, life style, crime, alteration of personality or any other negative effect upon the psyche, mores, and culture of teenagers. </top> <top> <num> Number: 311 <title> Industrial Espionage <desc> Document will discuss the theft of trade secrets along with the sources of information: trade journals, business meetings, data from Patent Offices, trade shows, or analysis of a competitor's products. <narr> A relevant document will contain specific information on the theft of trade secrets on new or existing technology. Relevant information includes, but is not limited to, espionage in the highly competitive fashion industry, toy companies, drug firms, and computer companies. An apparently legal way of stealing company secrets is by using the Freedom of Information Act, passed by the U.S. Congress in 1966 to help people and the press get information for the public good. The law has often been used instead by companies for private gain. Documents discussing company counterespionage are also considered to be relevant. Documents describing such thefts via cyber break-ins by government, criminal or private entities are not considered to be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 312 <title> Hydroponics <desc> Document will discuss the science of growing plants in water or some substance other than soil. <narr> A relevant document will contain specific information on the necessary nutrients, experiments, types of substrates, and/or any other pertinent facts related to the science of hydroponics. Related information includes, but is not limited to, the history of hydroponics, advantages over standard soil agricultural practices, or the approach of suspending roots in a humid enclosure and spraying them periodically with a nutrient solution to promote plant growth. </top> <top> <num> Number: 313 <title> Magnetic Levitation-Maglev <desc> Commercial uses of Magnetic Levitation. <narr> A relevant document must contain Magnetic Levitation or Maglev. It should be concerned with possible commercial applications of this phenomenon to include primarily mass transit, but also other commercial applications such as Maglev flywheels for cars. Discussions of superconductivity when linked to Maglev and government support plans when linked to Maglev are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 314 <title> Marine Vegetation <desc> Commercial harvesting of marine vegetation such as algae, seaweed and kelp for food and drug purposes. <narr> Recent research has shown that marine vegetation is a valuable source of both food (human and animal) and a potentially useful drug. This search will focus primarily on these two uses. Also to be considered relevant would be instances of other possible commercial uses such as fertilizer, etc. </top> <top> <num> Number: 315 <title> Unexplained Highway Accidents <desc> How many fatal highway accidents are there each year that are not resolved as to cause. <narr> A relevant document will contain data relating to highway accidents where the cause of the accident cannot be determined. Typical of such accidents would be those where one vehicle "suddenly swerves into oncoming traffic." </top> <top> <num> Number: 316 <title> Polygamy Polyandry Polygyny <desc> A look at the roots and prevalence of polygamy in the world today. <narr> Polygamy is a form of marriage which permits a person to have more than one husband or wife. Polyandry refers to one woman sharing two or more husbands at the same time. Polygyny refers to one man sharing two or more wives at the same time. Primary focus of the search will be the prevalence of these practices in the world today and societal attitudes towards these practices. Also relevant would be discussions of the roots and practical sources of these customs. A modern development in this area is serial polygamy, a phrase coined to label the practice of men who take a series of wives in sequence as a solution to practical welfare, considerations of child care, housing, etc. Documents discussing serial polygamy will not be considered relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 317 <title> Unsolicited Faxes <desc> Have regulations been passed by the FCC banning junk facsimile (fax)? If so, are they effective? <narr> Relevant documents will provide information on the cost of junk fax transmitted to individuals or businesses. Documents which contain laws or regulations passed banning junk fax or articles indicating the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of these laws are relevant. Additionally, any document showing where unsolicited/junk fax is an invasion of privacy is also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 318 <title> Best Retirement Country <desc> Aside from the United States, which country offers the best living conditions and quality of life for a U.S. retiree? <narr> A relevant document will contain information describing the living conditions and/or costs in one or more foreign countries. It will provide information that a potential retiree could use in deciding where to establish a retirement home. </top> <top> <num> Number: 319 <title> New Fuel Sources <desc> What research is ongoing for new fuel sources. <narr> Relevant documents will contain information on the actual research being accomplished for new fuel sources. Documents may also reveal company (companies) involved in this research. Listing(s) of possible new fuel sources is also of relevance. Relevant documents can also show how much current fuel sources are available, however, articles which simply refer to current sources are not relevant. Documents about nuclear power are relevant only if they discuss new developments in the nuclear field, such as the processing of spent fuel to establish a new nuclear fuel system. </top> <top> <num> Number: 320 <title> Undersea Fiber Optic Cable <desc> Fiber optic link around the globe (Flag) is a long, world undersea fiber optic cable. Who was involved in the project and how extensive was the technology on this system. What problems were encountered in its creation and use? <narr> Relevant documents will reference companies involved in building the system or the technology used for the project. Of relevance also would be information on the link up points of FLAG or landing sites or interconnection with other telecommunication cables an countries linked. Relevant documents may reference any regulatory or operational problems with the system since its inception. A non-relevant document would contain information on other fiber optic systems currently in place. </top> <top> <num> Number: 322 <title> International Art Crime <desc> Isolate instances of fraud or embezzlement in the international art trade. <narr> A relevant document is any report that identifies an instance of fraud or embezzlement in the international buying or selling of art objects. Objects include paintings, jewelry, sculptures and any other valuable works of art. Specific instances must be identified for a document to be relevant; generalities are not relevant, nor are instances of theft and black market sales of art objects by terrorist or criminal groups in war torn or unstable countries. </top> <top> <num> Number: 323 <title> Literary/Journalistic Plagiarism <desc> Find instances of plagiarism in the literary and journalistic worlds. <narr> A relevant document will report any occasion or suspected instance of plagiarism in the areas of either literature or journalism. Relevant documents will also include such areas as doctorate and master's theses and will encompass writings as well as the ideas and concepts developed by some authors and taken or borrowed by others without attribution. Documents describing plagiarism in political speeches or writings are not considered relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 324 <title> Argentine/British Relations <desc> Define Argentine and British international relations <narr> A relevant document will describe the relations between Argentina and the United Kingdom in the period after the war over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands in 1982. Any kind of international contact between the two countries is relevant, to include commercial, economic, cultural, diplomatic, or military exchanges. Negative reports on the absence of such exchanges are also desirable. Reports containing information on direct exchanges between Argentina and the Falkland Islands are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 326 <title> Ferry Sinkings <desc> Any report of a ferry sinking where 100 or more people lost their lives. <narr> To be relevant, a document must identify a ferry that has sunk causing the death of 100 or more humans. It must identify the ferry by name or place where the sinking occurred. Details of the cause of the sinking would be helpful but are not necessary to be relevant. A reference to a ferry sinking without the number of deaths would not be relevant. Instances of ferries being used to illegally transport immigrants from unstable areas that sink with large loss of life are not considered relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 327 <title> Modern Slavery <desc> Identify a country or a city where there is evidence of human slavery being currently practiced. <narr> A relevant document would present evidence of current slavery practices being carried out. It would identify a specific country or city and give some information on who the slaves are, or who was buying or selling them, and for what purposes they were being used. Historical references to slavery would not be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 328 <title> Pope Beatifications <desc> Identify an individual that has been beatified by the Pope. <narr> To be relevant, the document must include the person's name as well as the person's deeds or actions that led to the recognition by the Pope. It must also include when such actions or deeds occurred by giving the year or period of time, i.e., "late 17th century". </top> <top> <num> Number: 329 <title> Mexican Air Pollution <desc> Mexico City has some of the most serious air pollution problems in North America. Pertinent Documents would contain the specific steps Mexican authorities have taken to combat this deplorable situation. <narr> Relevant documents would discuss the steps the Mexican Government has taken to alleviate the air pollution in Mexico City. Steps such as reducing the number of automobiles in the city, encouraging the use of mass public transportation, and creating new mass transportation systems are relevant, among others. Mention of any new methods in the design stage would also be appropriate. </top> <top> <num> Number: 331 <title> World Bank Criticism <desc> What criticisms have been made of World Bank policies, activities or personnel? <narr> This query is looking for any instances where the World Bank has been accused of things like not being responsive to the unique problems of individual countries, of being too strict in its policies, of pursuing agendas that are biased because of their benefits to western countries, of being no longer useful or practical, of its personnel being difficult to work with, etc. </top> <top> <num> Number: 332 <title> Income Tax Evasion <desc> This query is looking for investigations that have targeted evaders of U.S. income tax. <narr> A relevant document would mention investigations either in the U.S. or abroad of people suspected of evading U.S. income tax laws. Of particular interest are investigations involving revenue from illegal activities, as a strategy to bring known or suspected criminals to justice. </top> <top> <num> Number: 333 <title> Antibiotics Bacteria Disease <desc> Determine the reasons why bacteria seems to be winning the war against antibiotics and rendering antibiotics now less effective in treating diseases than they were in the past. <narr> A relevant document will address the questions of how and why, and to what degree, bacteria are able to fend off the curative effects of antibiotics. Overuse of antibiotics, as well as the increasing use of antibiotics in promoting the growth of crops and animals whose food products are meant for human consumption have played roles in creating a situation where every known bacteria-generated disease now has versions that resist at least one of the more than 100 antibiotics now in use. </top> <top> <num> Number: 334 <title> Export Controls Cryptography <desc> Determine the usefulness and effectiveness of continuing to maintain export controls on encryption software. <narr> Relevant documents will argue for or against continuing to make encryption software subject to export controls. Since 1993 quality encryption software to ensure the secrecy of communications has been available, but the U.S. Government has considered such software to be subject to the same export controls as munitions, and has sought to restrict the export of encryption software unless it contains a device which could allow the U.S. to read the underlying messages. Business interests say that this will make it impossible for U.S. producers to compete in the international market. </top> <top> <num> Number: 335 <title> Adoptive Biological Parents <desc> Identify the problems, and solutions to those problems, which arise in the relationships among biological parents, adoptive parents, and the child or children involved. <narr> A relevant document will report on court procedures and decisions which affect the rights of biological parents, adoptive parents, as well as the adopted child. Problems arise when the biological parents of a child given up for adoption decide that they or he/she would like to reclaim the child against the wishes of the adoptive parents. Problems also arise when the adopted child tries to identify and contact the biological parents, but find the way blocked by sealed court orders. </top> <top> <num> Number: 337 <title> Viral Hepatitis <desc> What research has been done on viral hepatitis and what progress has been made in its treatment? <narr> A relevant document might include any of the following information: -- A medical procedure used in the treatment of hepatitis. -- Ongoing research in vaccines, including the identity of the strain of hepatitis. -- How hepatitis affects the body's immune system. -- Third World countries' reports on control of the disease. </top> <top> <num> Number: 338 <title> Risk of Aspirin <desc> What adverse effects have people experienced while taking aspirin repeatedly? <narr> A relevant document should identify any adverse effects experienced from the repeated use of aspirin. Possible effects might include intestinal bleeding, inflammation of the stomach, or various forms of ulcers. The purpose of the individual's repeated aspirin use should also be stated. </top> <top> <num> Number: 339 <title> Alzheimer's Drug Treatment <desc> What drugs are being used in the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease and how successful are they? <narr> A relevant document should name a drug used in the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease and also its manufacturer, and should give some indication of the drug's success or failure. </top> <top> <num> Number: 340 <title> Land Mine Ban <desc> Identify problems eliminating the use of land mines despite the International Campaign to Ban Landmines treaty. Describe actions being taken within and in addition to ICBL treaty to eliminate the production, transfer and use of land mines. <narr> Brought about by various conflicts, there are an estimated 100 million land mines buried in 60 countries with thousands of acres of land made unusable. It is estimated that every 22 minutes a man, woman or child is killed or maimed by a land mine. Identify any actions being taken within and outside of treaties, such as ICBL that ban the production, transfer and use of land mines. Also, of interest, would be identification of actions being undertaken to sanitize the thousands of acres now made unusable due to use of these mines. </top> <top> <num> Number: 342 <title> Diplomatic Expulsion <desc> Intensified political and economic competition between world nations has heightened rivalries inducing attempts by diplomatic personnel to acquire sensitive trade and technology information or to obtain information on highly classified industrial projects. Identify instances where attempts have been made by personnel with diplomatic status to obtain information of this nature. <narr> Identify instances where attempts have been made by personnel with diplomatic status to obtain information of this nature. Of interest would be the country(s) involved, the information hopefully acquired, or if the exposure resulted in expulsion of diplomatic personnel. </top> <top> <num> Number: 343 <title> Police Deaths <desc> Identify instances where a civilian policeman has been killed either during performance of his duty or because of other association with this occupation, e.g., killed for the gun, to keep from testifying, etc. <narr> Whatever the reason, be it a breakdown in family values or loss of respect for an authoritative figure, there seems to have been a substantial increase in the number of policemen being killed. Identify instances where a civilian policeman has been killed either during performance of his duty or because of other association with this occupation, e.g., killed for the gun, to keep from testifying, etc. Military police or foreign military-type personnel considered policemen should not be considered relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 346 <title> Educational Standards <desc> There has long been a call for standards in U.S. education, these calls frequently citing the superiority of foreign school systems. Are there many countries outside the U.S. which have standards for pre-teen students? If so, which are those countries and what standards have been set? <narr> To be relevant, an item will specify the foreign country which has adopted standards for children up to the age of 12 and more specifically give some detail of what the standards are (e.g., computer training, 2 years of foreign language). </top> <top> <num> Number: 348 <title> Agoraphobia <desc> Is the fear of open or public places (Agoraphobia) a widespread disorder or relatively unknown? <narr> Relevant documents contain data on this physical/mental disorder, including information on the person affected, profession of the individual, impact on the life work of the individual, as well as any data on how these individuals cope with this disorder. </top> <top> <num> Number: 349 <title> Metabolism <desc> Document will discuss the chemical reactions necessary to keep living cells healthy and/or producing energy. <narr> A relevant document will contain specific information on the catabolic and anabolic reactions of the metabolic process. Relevant information includes, but is not limited to, the reactions occurring in metabolism, biochemical processes (Glycolysis or Krebs cycle for production of energy), and disorders associated with the metabolic rate. </top> <top> <num> Number: 351 <title> Falkland petroleum exploration <desc> What information is available on petroleum exploration in the South Atlantic near the Falkland Islands? <narr> Any document discussing petroleum exploration in the South Atlantic near the Falkland Islands is considered relevant. Documents discussing petroleum exploration in continental South America are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 352 <title> British Chunnel impact <desc> What impact has the Chunnel had on the British economy and/or the life style of the British? <narr> Documents discussing the following issues are relevant: - projected and actual impact on the life styles of the British - Long term changes to economic policy and relations - major changes to other transportation systems linked with the Continent Documents discussing the following issues are not relevant: - expense and construction schedule - routine marketing ploys by other channel crossers (i.e., schedule changes, price drops, etc.) </top> <top> <num> Number: 357 <title> territorial waters dispute <desc> Identify documents discussing international boundary disputes relevant to the 200-mile special economic zones or 12-mile territorial waters subsequent to the passing of the "International Convention on the Law of the Sea". <narr> To be relevant, documents must discuss an international boundary dispute relevant to the 200-mile special economic zones or 12-mile territorial waters subsequent to the passing of the "International Convention on the Law of the Sea". Documents that merely express agreement or disagreement with any of the precepts of the "Law of the Sea" are not relevant, nor are any documents that passively allude to the existence of the convention or any of its non-controversial applications. </top> <top> <num> Number: 358 <title> blood-alcohol fatalities <desc> What role does blood-alcohol level play in automobile accident fatalities? <narr> Relevant documents must contain information on automobile accidents in which there was a fatality and the blood-alcohol level of the driver of the vehicle must be identified. </top> <top> <num> Number: 359 <title> mutual fund predictors <desc> Are there reliable and consistent predictors of mutual fund performance? <narr> A document must contain at least one factor such as: rankings, risks, yields, or costs, and fund performance to be relevant. Documents that discuss mutual fund rankings are considered relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 360 <title> drug legalization benefits <desc> What are the benefits, if any, of drug legalization? <narr> Relevant documents may contain information on perceived benefits of drug legalization, such as crime reduction, improved treatment using monies which otherwise would have gone for crime fighting, reduced drug addiction, and increased governmental income. Documents that discuss drug legalization and whether legalization is or is not perceived to be beneficial are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 361 <title> clothing sweatshops <desc> Identify documents that discuss clothing sweatshops. <narr> A relevant document must identify the country, the working conditions, salary, and type of clothing or shoes being produced. Relevant documents may also include the name of the business or company or the type of manufacturing, such as: "designer label". </top> <top> <num> Number: 364 <title> rabies <desc> Identify documents discussing cases where rabies have been confirmed and what, if anything, is being done about it. <narr> A relevant document identifies confirmed cases of rabies and may contain actions taken to correct the problem. </top> <top> <num> Number: 365 <title> El Nino <desc> What effects have been attributed to El Nino? <narr> A document is relevant if it describes a particular phenomenon (either specific event or generalization) like flood, drought, warming, etc. and names El Nino as the cause or as being a contributing factor. </top> <top> <num> Number: 366 <title> commercial cyanide uses <desc> What are the industrial or commercial uses of cyanide or its derivatives? <narr> A document is relevant if it names or describes a process that uses cyanide commercially or mentions that cyanide-rich waste comes from a particular industry. </top> <top> <num> Number: 368 <title> in vitro fertilization <desc> Identify documents that discuss in vitro fertilization. <narr> A relevant document will describe any aspect of the process of in vitro fertilization: uniting two human germ cells (sperm and egg) outside of the human body and in an artificial environment. Documents that describe related techniques, such as the freezing of eggs, sperm, or embryos for future implantation are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 369 <title> anorexia nervosa bulimia <desc> What are the causes and treatments of anorexia nervosa and bulimia? <narr> A relevant document will describe the causes of the eating disorders, anorexia nervosa or bulimia. Documents that describe symptoms including the taking of laxatives, self-induced vomiting and excessive exercise are relevant. Discussions of the treatment of the disorders are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 370 <title> food/drug laws <desc> What are the laws dealing with the quality and processing of food, beverages, or drugs? <narr> A relevant document will contain specific information on the laws dealing with such matters as quality control in processing, the use of additives and preservatives, the avoidance of impurities and poisonous substances, spoilage prevention, nutritional enrichment, and/or the grading of meat and vegetables. Relevant information includes, but is not limited to, federal regulations targeting three major areas of label abuse: deceptive definitions, misleading health claims, and untrue serving sizes and proposed standard definitions for such terms as high fiber and low fat. </top> <top> <num> Number: 371 <title> health insurance holistic <desc> What is the extent of health insurance coverage of holistic or other non-traditional medicine/medical treatments (for example, acupuncture)? <narr> Discussions of whether or not particular health insurance plans cover alternative treatments are relevant. Discussions of coverage for preventative programs such as health education or wellness sessions are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 373 <title> encryption equipment export <desc> Identify documents that discuss the concerns of the United States regarding the export of encryption equipment. <narr> Documents that merely mention the name of a company or group that produces encryption equipment but does not mention the exportation and/or commercial exploitation of the encryption equipment are not relevant. Documents which refer to governmental access into the encryption systems for the purposes of counter-intelligence or anti-crime activities are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 374 <title> Nobel prize winners <desc> Identify and provide background information on Nobel prize winners. <narr> At a minimum, relevant documents must contain the following information: year of Nobel prize award, field of study, and recipients name. When the document announces what is obviously a current award, no year is required. </top> <top> <num> Number: 376 <title> World Court <desc> What types of cases were heard by the World Court (International Court of Justice)? <narr> Documents that report on particular cases heard by the World Court, including war tribunals created by the Court, are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 377 <title> cigar smoking <desc> Identify documents that discuss the renewed popularity of cigar smoking. <narr> A relevant document will discuss the extent of the resurgence of cigar smoking or the social and economic issues attendant to it. Documents that discuss "Cigar Nights", "Cigar Rooms" and cigar production are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 380 <title> obesity medical treatment <desc> Identify documents that discuss medical treatment of obesity. <narr> A relevant document should identify prescribed legal medications or treatments used to combat obesity and the positive or negative affects resulting from the applications. </top> <top> <num> Number: 381 <title> alternative medicine <desc> What forms of alternative medicine are being used in the treatment of illnesses or diseases and how successful are they? <narr> A relevant document should identify a form of alternative medicine which is being utilized in the treatment of a disease or illness, identify the illness or disease being treated, and provide an indication of the success of the procedure. </top> <top> <num> Number: 382 <title> hydrogen fuel automobiles <desc> Identify documents that discuss the use of hydrogen as a fuel for piston driven automobiles (safe storage a concern) or the use of hydrogen in fuel cells to generate electricity to drive the car. <narr> A relevant document may discuss either hydrogen using fuel cells to electrically power automobiles or it may discuss the safe storage of hydrogen gas in a fuel tank through the use of metal hydrides for use in piston engines. </top> <top> <num> Number: 383 <title> mental illness drugs <desc> Identify drugs used in the treatment of mental illness. <narr> A relevant document will include the name of a specific or generic type of drug. Generalities are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 384 <title> space station moon <desc> Identify documents that discuss the building of a space station with the intent of colonizing the moon. <narr> A relevant document will discuss the purpose of a space station, initiatives towards colonizing the moon, impediments which thus far have thwarted such a project, plans currently underway or in the planning stages for such a venture; cost, countries prepared to make a commitment of men, resources, facilities and money to accomplish such a feat. </top> <top> <num> Number: 385 <title> hybrid fuel cars <desc> Identify documents that discuss the current status of hybrid automobile engines, (i.e., cars fueled by something other than gasoline only). <narr> A relevant document may include research on non-gasoline powered engines or prototypes that may be fueled by natural gas, methanol, alcohol, hydrogen; cost to the consumer; health benefits derived; and shortcomings in horsepower and passenger comfort. A document describing production of bio-fuels is not considered relevant since these are simply production variations for standard fuels. </top> <top> <num> Number: 386 <title> teaching disabled children <desc> What methods are currently utilized or anticipated in the teaching of disabled children? <narr> A relevant document should identify a method or procedure currently used in the teaching of disabled children or one that is anticipated being available in the near future. </top> <top> <num> Number: 387 <title> radioactive waste <desc> Identify documents that discuss effective and safe ways to permanently handle long-lived radioactive wastes. <narr> Documents that discuss incineration, cementation, bitumenization, vitrification, and in underground nuclear explosion are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 388 <title> organic soil enhancement <desc> Identify documents that discuss the use of organic fertilizers (composted sludge, ash, vegetable waste, microorganisms, etc.) as soil enhancers. <narr> The focus of the topic is on soil enhancement. Documents that discuss other uses of organic material are not relevant, nor are documents that concentrate solely on chemical fertilizers. </top> <top> <num> Number: 390 <title> orphan drugs <desc> Find documents that discuss issues associated with so-called "orphan drugs", that is, drugs that treat diseases affecting relatively few people. <narr> A relevant document will discuss how the Orphan Drug Act is working on behalf of those who suffer from orphan diseases and conditions, or how this matter is handled in other countries. </top> <top> <num> Number: 391 <title> R&D drug prices <desc> Identify documents that discuss the impact of the cost of research and development (R&D) on the price of drugs. <narr> Documents that describe how any aspect of the development of a drug affects its price are relevant. Documents that discuss other factors that affect drug prices, such as advertising, without also discussing R&D costs, are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 392 <title> robotics <desc> What are the applications of robotics in the world today? <narr> Documents concerning R&D or testing of robotic equipment are not relevant, nor are documents discussing future applications of robotics. If the task completed seems to be merely another computer function rather than a task usually done by people, then it is not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 395 <title> tourism <desc> Provide examples of successful attempts to attract tourism as a means to improve a local economy. <narr> To be relevant, a selected document will specify the entity (city, state, country, governmental unit) which has achieved an economic increase due to the entity's efforts at boosting tourism. Documents which only concern plans for increasing tourism are not relevant, only documents which detail an actual increase are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 396 <title> sick building syndrome <desc> Identify documents that discuss sick building syndrome or building-related illnesses. <narr> A relevant document would contain any data that refers to the sick building or building-related illnesses, including illnesses caused by asbestos, air conditioning, pollution controls. Work-related illnesses not caused by the building, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 398 <title> dismantling Europe's arsenal <desc> Identify documents that discuss the European Conventional Arms Cut as it relates to the dismantling of Europe's arsenal previous to the Soviet Union collapse. <narr> Relevant documents may address any of the following issues: reducing conventional (non-nuclear) forces in Europe (CFE), efforts toward reduction that have begun or have been accomplished, the numbers of weapons or manpower reduced through this treaty, comparisons of numbers of reductions made by the Warsaw Pact and NATO, and the effect this arms cut is having on European nations. </top> <top> <num> Number: 401 <title> foreign minorities, Germany <desc> What language and cultural differences impede the integration of foreign minorities in Germany? <narr> A relevant document will focus on the causes of the lack of integration in a significant way; that is, the mere mention of immigration difficulties is not relevant. Documents that discuss immigration problems unrelated to Germany are also not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 402 <title> behavioral genetics <desc> What is happening in the field of behavioral genetics, the study of the relative influence of genetic and environmental factors on an individual's behavior or personality? <narr> Documents describing genetic or environmental factors relating to understanding and preventing substance abuse and addictions are relevant. Documents pertaining to attention deficit disorders tied in with genetics are also relevant, as are genetic disorders affecting hearing or muscles. The genome project is relevant when tied in with behavior disorders (i.e., mood disorders, Alzheimer's disease). </top> <top> <num> Number: 403 <title> osteoporosis <desc> Find information on the effects of the dietary intakes of potassium, magnesium and fruits and vegetables as determinants of bone mineral density in elderly men and women thus preventing osteoporosis (bone decay). <narr> A relevant document may include one or more of the dietary intakes in the prevention of osteoporosis. Any discussion of the disturbance of nutrition and mineral metabolism that results in a decrease in bone mass is also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 405 <title> cosmic events <desc> What unexpected or unexplained cosmic events or celestial phenomena, such as radiation and supernova outbursts or new comets, have been detected? <narr> New theories or new interpretations concerning known celestial objects made as a result of new technology are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 406 <title> Parkinson's disease <desc> What is being done to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and keep the patient functional as long as possible? <narr> A relevant document identifies a drug or treatment program utilized in patient care and provides an indication of success or failure. </top> <top> <num> Number: 407 <title> poaching, wildlife preserves <desc> What is the impact of poaching on the world's various wildlife preserves? <narr> A relevant document must discuss poaching in wildlife preserves, not in the wild itself. Also deemed relevant is evidence of preventive measures being taken by local authorities. </top> <top> <num> Number: 409 <title> legal, Pan Am, 103 <desc> What legal actions have resulted from the destruction of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, on December 21, 1988? <narr> Documents describing any charges, claims, or fines presented to or imposed by any court or tribunal are relevant, but documents that discuss charges made in diplomatic jousting are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 410 <title> Schengen agreement <desc> Who is involved in the Schengen agreement to eliminate border controls in Western Europe and what do they hope to accomplish? <narr> Relevant documents will contain any information about the actions of signatories of the Schengen agreement such as: measures to eliminate border controls (removal of traffic obstacles, lifting of traffic restrictions); implementation of the information system data bank that contains unified visa issuance procedures; or strengthening of border controls at the external borders of the treaty area in exchange for free movement at the internal borders. Discussions of border crossovers for business purposes are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 411 <title> salvaging, shipwreck, treasure <desc> Find information on shipwreck salvaging: the recovery or attempted recovery of treasure from sunken ships. <narr> A relevant document will provide information on the actual locating and recovery of treasure; on the technology which makes possible the discovery, location and investigation of wreckages which contain or are suspected of containing treasure; or on the disposition of the recovered treasure. </top> <top> <num> Number: 412 <title> airport security <desc> What security measures are in effect or are proposed to go into effect in airports? <narr> A relevant document could identify a specific airport and describe the security measures already in effect or proposed for use at that airport. Relevant items could also describe a failure of security that was cited as a contributing cause of a tragedy which came to pass or which was later averted. Comparisons between and among airports based on the effectiveness of the security of each are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 413 <title> steel production <desc> What are new methods of producing steel? <narr> Relevant documents will discuss the processes adapted by entrepreneurs who have organized so-called "minimills" and are producing steel by methods which differ from the old blast furnace method of production. Documents that identify the new companies, the problems they have have encountered, and/or their successes or failures in the national and international markets are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 415 <title> drugs, Golden Triangle <desc> What is known about drug trafficking in the "Golden Triangle", the area where Burma, Thailand and Laos meet? <narr> A relevant document will discuss drug trafficking in the Golden Triangle, including organizations that produce or distribute the drugs; international efforts to combat the traffic; or the quantities of drugs produced in the area. </top> <top> <num> Number: 417 <title> creativity <desc> Find ways of measuring creativity. <narr> Relevant items include definitions of creativity, descriptions of characteristics associated with creativity, and factors linked to creativity. </top> <top> <num> Number: 418 <title> quilts, income <desc> In what ways have quilts been used to generate income? <narr> Documents mentioning quilting books, quilting classes, quilted objects, and museum exhibits of quilts are all relevant. Documents that discuss AIDs quilts are irrelevant, unless there is specific mention that the quilts are being used for fundraising. </top> <top> <num> Number: 420 <title> carbon monoxide poisoning <desc> How widespread is carbon monoxide poisoning on a global scale? <narr> Relevant documents will contain data on what carbon monoxide poisoning is, symptoms, causes, and/or prevention. Advertisements for carbon monoxide protection products or services are not relevant. Discussions of auto emissions and air pollution are not relevant even though they can contain carbon monoxide. </top> <top> <num> Number: 421 <title> industrial waste disposal <desc> How is the disposal of industrial waste being accomplished by industrial management throughout the world? <narr> Documents that discuss the disposal, storage, or management of industrial waste---both standard and hazardous---are relevant. However, documents that discuss disposal or storage of nuclear or radioactive waste, or the illegal shipment or dumping of waste to avoid legal disposal methods are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 424 <title> suicides <desc> Give examples of alleged suicides that aroused suspicion of the death actually being murder. <narr> The intent of this query is to find criminal murders that are being disguised as suicide, but assisted suicides done out of compassion would be relevant if someone refers to them as murder. </top> <top> <num> Number: 425 <title> counterfeiting money <desc> What counterfeiting of money is being done in modern times? <narr> Relevant documents must cite actual instances of counterfeiting. Anti-counterfeiting measures by themselves are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 428 <title> declining birth rates <desc> Do any countries other than the U.S. and China have a declining birth rate? <narr> To be relevant, a document will name a country other than the U.S. or China in which the birth rate fell from the rate of the previous year. The decline need not have occurred in more than the one preceding year. </top> <top> <num> Number: 429 <title> Legionnaires' disease <desc> Identify outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease. <narr> To be relevant, a document must discuss a specific outbreak of Legionnaires' disease. Documents that address prevention of or cures for the disease without citing a specific case are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 430 <title> killer bee attacks <desc> Identify instances of attacks on humans by Africanized (killer) bees. <narr> Relevant documents must cite a specific instance of a human attacked by killer bees. Documents that note migration patterns or report attacks on other animals are not relevant unless they also cite an attack on a human. </top> <top> <num> Number: 431 <title> robotic technology <desc> What are the latest developments in robotic technology? <narr> A relevant document will contain information on current applications of robotic technology. Discussions of robotics research or simulations of robots are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 432 <title> profiling, motorists, police <desc> Do police departments use "profiling" to stop motorists? <narr> A relevant document will report or discuss police department criteria for identifying motorists considered likely to be carrying contraband. Documents discussing the detention of individuals by foreign security forces are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 434 <title> Estonia, economy <desc> What is the state of the economy of Estonia? <narr> Documents that give concrete economic information such as economic statistics, entering economic unions and treaties, or monetary performance are relevant, as are discussions of economic issues such as transportation or pollution. </top> <top> <num> Number: 437 <title> deregulation, gas, electric <desc> What has been the experience of residential utility customers following deregulation of gas and electric? <narr> Documents that discuss privatization of government- owned utilities alone are not relevant. Also, not relevant are documents that discuss the deregulation of utilities for commercial customers. </top> <top> <num> Number: 438 <title> tourism, increase <desc> What countries are experiencing an increase in tourism? <narr> A relevant document will name a country that has experienced an increase in tourism. The increase must represent the nation as a whole and tourism in general, not be restricted to only certain regions of the country or to some specific type of tourism (e.g., adventure travel). Documents discussing only projected increases are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 440 <title> child labor <desc> What steps are being taken by governments or corporations to eliminate abuse of child labor? <narr> A relevant document identifies an action taken by either a private commercial corporation or governmental organization to reduce or eliminate the use of child labor in manufacturing operations. </top> <top> <num> Number: 441 <title> Lyme disease <desc> How do you prevent and treat Lyme disease? <narr> Documents that discuss current prevention and treatment techniques for Lyme disease are relevant. Reports of research on new treatments of the disease are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 444 <title> supercritical fluids <desc> What are the potential uses for supercritical fluids as an environmental protection measure? <narr> To be relevant, a document must indicate that the fluid involved is achieved by a process of pressurization producing the supercritical fluid. </top> <top> <num> Number: 446 <title> tourists, violence <desc> Where are tourists likely to be subjected to acts of violence causing bodily harm or death? <narr> A relevant document must contain accounts of known harm to tourists. Evidence of single, isolated incidents are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 447 <title> Stirling engine <desc> What new developments and applications are there for the Stirling engine? <narr> Any discussion of new developments and applications of the Stirling engine (also known as the Stirling cycle) are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 448 <title> ship losses <desc> Identify instances in which weather was a main or contributing factor in the loss of a ship at sea. <narr> Any ship loss due to weather is relevant, either in international or coastal waters. </top> <top> <num> Number: 449 <title> antibiotics ineffectiveness <desc> What has caused the current ineffectiveness of antibiotics against infections and what is the prognosis for new drugs? <narr> To be relevant, a document must discuss the reasons or causes for the ineffectiveness of current antibiotics. Relevant documents may also include efforts by pharmaceutical companies and federal government agencies to find new cures, updating current testing phases, new drugs being tested, and the prognosis for the availability of new and effective antibiotics. </top> <top> <num> Number: 450 <title> King Hussein, peace <desc> How significant a figure over the years was the late Jordanian King Hussein in furthering peace in the Middle East? <narr> A relevant document must include mention of Israel; King Hussein himself as opposed to other Jordanian officials; discussion of the King's on-going, previous or upcoming efforts; and efforts pertinent to the peace process, not merely Jordan's relationship with other middle-east countries or the U.S. </top> <top> <num> Number: 601 <title> Turkey Iraq water <desc> What is the effect of Turkish river control projects on Iraqi water resources? <narr> A relevant document will deal specifically with water issues between Turkey and Iraq. Other political and economic concerns between the two countries (e.g. the Kurds or water to Syria, Israel and Lebanon) are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 602 <title> Czech, Slovak sovereignty <desc> Retrieve information regarding the process by which the Czech and Slovak republics of Czechoslovakia established separate sovereign countries. <narr> A relevant document will provide specific dates and details regarding the separation movement. Documents relating to normal activities of the separate nations, both internal and external are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 603 <title> Tobacco cigarette lawsuit <desc> Retrieve documents regarding U.S. lawsuits against the tobacco industry for causing health problems and/or death from cigarettes. <narr> Relevant documents must contain who, where and why details, and must be about a specific suit or suits. Specific documents are relevant regardless of the outcome of the suit. Documents concerning lawsuits about fraud, lack of warning, and nicotine 'spiking' are all relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 604 <title> Lyme disease arthritis <desc> What evidence is there to link tick-borne Lyme disease with arthritis? <narr> Documents providing evidence to support or refute the connection between Lyme disease and arthritis are relevant. Documents discussing Lyme disease and inflammatory joint disorder are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 605 <title> Great Britain health care <desc> What are the pros and cons of Great Britain's universal health care system? <narr> Documents that discuss recommendations for change or list criticisms of the current system are relevant. Documents about an individual's experience with the health care system in Great Britain are irrelevant unless the document also contains a specific recommendation or criticism. </top> <top> <num> Number: 606 <title> leg traps ban <desc> Find documents that discuss banning leg traps used to capture animals. <narr> Both 'leg traps' and 'steel-jawed traps' are relevant. Documents describing related prohibitions, such as banning the sale of furs when the animals are caught using leg traps, are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 607 <title> human genetic code <desc> What were some of the milestones in the effort to map and sequence the human genetic code? <narr> Documents must discuss specific milestones towards mapping the human genome. Documents that simply describe applications of the research, such as using DNA in criminal cases, using the genetic code to treat disease, or creating genetically engineered organisms are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 608 <title> taxing social security <desc> Find articles that discuss the pros and cons of taxing U.S. social security benefits. <narr> Only documents that discuss income tax on social security benefits in the U.S. are relevant. Documents that discuss the social security tax itself or other countries' taxation are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 609 <title> per capita alcohol consumption <desc> Find documents that discuss per capita consumption of alcohol by political entity---country, state, province, etc. <narr> Documents that provide per capita figures for specific beverages such as beer, wine, or spirits are relevant. However, to be relevant documents must provide specific figures on alcohol consumption: documents that simply discuss trends without providing specific figures are not relevant. Documents with figures for world per capita consumption are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 610 <title> minimum wage adverse impact <desc> Find claims made by U.S. small businesses regarding the adverse impact on their businesses of raising the minimum wage. <narr> A relevant document will include a specific reason for opposition to raising the minimum wage by U.S. small businesses. </top> <top> <num> Number: 611 <title> Kurds Germany violence <desc> What violent activities have Kurds, or members of the Workers Party of Kurdistan (PKK), carried out in Germany? <narr> Relevant documents contain information on the types of violent, destructive, or terroristic activities perpetrated by Kurds or members of the Workers Party of Kurdistan (PKK) in Germany. Information on whom or what is targeted by these kinds of acts is also relevant. Relevant activities include: killing or wounding of individuals; destruction or burning of property; and rioting. Relevant activities must be both attributed to Kurds or the PKK and occur in Germany. Violence by Kurds or the PKK against other Kurds or PKK members is relevant if it occurs in Germany, though self immolation is irrelevant. Peaceful demonstrations in Germany are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 612 <title> Tibet protesters <desc> What has been the outcome for the pro-independence protesters in Tibet who were arrested by Chinese authorities? <narr> Documents containing information on the sentencing, releasing and/or treatment of arrested protesters are relevant. Only arrests for anti-Chinese/pro-independence (for Tibet) are relevant; criminal arrests are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 613 <title> Berlin wall disposal <desc> How were pieces of the Berlin wall disposed of after their removal? <narr> Relevant documents contain specific instances of the fate of pieces of the Berlin wall. Example uses such as selling or taking pieces as souvenirs or using pieces in monuments are relevant. However, the simple fact of the wall's removal is not relevant, nor are schemes and plans that were not implemented. </top> <top> <num> Number: 615 <title> timber exports Asia <desc> What is the extent of U.S. raw timber exports to Asia, and what effect do these exports have on the U.S. lumber industry? <narr> Documents containing information about economic or environmental concerns related to the export of timber to Asia are relevant. Documents must specifically address exports to Asia, rather than the timber industry in general, to be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 616 <title> Volkswagen Mexico <desc> What is the history and extent of Volkswagen production in Mexico? <narr> Relevant documents must contain information specific to Volkswagen production in Mexico. </top> <top> <num> Number: 617 <title> Russia Cuba economy <desc> What effect has the reduction of Russian support had on the Cuban economy? <narr> Relevant documents must contain information specific to how the reduction of Russian support has affected the Cuban economy. Documents referring to the state of the Cuban economy but not mentioning Russia are irrelevant, as are documents describing joint Russo-Cuban projects. </top> <top> <num> Number: 618 <title> Ayatollah Khomeini death <desc> Find documents that describe the death of Iranian President Ayatollah Khomeini and the ramifications of his death. <narr> Relevant documents must contain substantive information regarding the death of Khomeini; incidental mentions of his death are not relevant. Documents about the movement Khomeini led when alive are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 619 <title> Winnie Mandela scandal <desc> What part did Winnie Mandela herself play in the kidnapping, beating and murder scandal in South Africa in December 1988 through January 1989? <narr> Documents must contain some mention of what Mandela's personal involvement may have been to be relevant. Documents about her conviction on charges stemming from the scandal are relevant, though her protestations of innocence are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 621 <title> women ordained Church of England <desc> What are the arguments for and against Great Britain's approval of women being ordained as Church of England priests? <narr> Documents primarily about voting on the matter by church officials and the British parliament are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 622 <title> price fixing <desc> Identify companies or corporations that have been accused or indicted of price fixing including the product or type of product involved. <narr> Relevant documents must contain both the company and the product involved. Documents about price fixing by the stock market are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 623 <title> toxic chemical weapon <desc> Gather any information that mentions ricin, sarin, soman, or anthrax as a toxic chemical used as a weapon. <narr> To be relevant, a document must pertain to the use of toxic chemicals as weapons. </top> <top> <num> Number: 624 <title> SDI Star Wars <desc> What are the pros and cons of developing the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) also known as "Star Wars"? <narr> A relevant document must contain information regarding the technical aspects of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Documents containing simple statements that SDI is part of the U.S. defense strategy, or that discuss funding or arms reduction treaties related to SDI but do not discuss the technical aspects are irrelevant. Documents containing statements by the administration that SDI capabilities had been oversold are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 625 <title> arrests bombing WTC <desc> Identify documents that provide information on the arrest and/or conviction of the bombers of the World Trade Center (WTC) in February 1993. <narr> A relevant document must contain information about an arrest or conviction related to the bombing. Simple claims of involvement are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 627 <title> Post-Soviet Russian food crisis <desc> What steps were taken by the U.S. to help post-Soviet Russia solve its food crisis after the collapse of the Soviet Union? <narr> Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and on occasions afterwards, Russia faced serious food shortages that challenged the lives of average citizens. A relevant document must contain information specific to U.S. involvement to alleviate the Russian food crisis during this period. Documents describing Russia's internal food shortage debates, statistics depicting the severity of the shortage, or other countries' involvement are not relevant, nor are documents that detail food shortages in earlier Soviet times. </top> <top> <num> Number: 628 <title> U.S. invasion of Panama <desc> What justification was used by the U.S. government to invade Panama, and why did some oppose the invasion? <narr> Relevant documents must include specific reference to the U.S. government's justification for the invasion. Documents simply noting support for or criticism of the invasion by other governments are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 629 <title> abortion clinic attack <desc> What is the incidence of violent attacks on abortion clinics and the doctors and staff of the clinics by anti-abortionists? <narr> Documents describing bombings and arson attacks on an abortion clinic, or other violent, destructive actions, are relevant. Violent attacks on doctors and staff, including shootings, are also relevant. Reports of attempted attacks are relevant. Reports of non-violent activities such as trespassing, picketing, etc. are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 630 <title> Gulf War Syndrome <desc> Retrieve documents containing information about the symptoms of individuals suffering from 'Gulf War Syndrome' as a result of serving in the Gulf War. <narr> Documents regarding law suits that claim causes of illness from service in the Gulf War are relevant, as are reports of cases resulting from contact with an ill Gulf War veteran. 'Dessert Storm Syndrome' is a synonym for the condition and is considered relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 631 <title> Mandela South Africa President <desc> Find documents relating to the election of Nelson Mandela as president of the Republic of South Africa. <narr> Documents must include specific information about Mandela becoming president of South Africa to be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 632 <title> southeast Asia tin mining <desc> What are the major tin mining countries in southeast Asia? <narr> Relevant document contain information about tin mining in southeast Asia. Countries considered to be in southeast Asia include China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Viet Nam, Burma, Thailand and Laos. </top> <top> <num> Number: 633 <title> Welsh devolution <desc> What is the history of the Welsh devolution movement? <narr> Relevant documents contain information about some aspect of the Welsh devolution movement. </top> <top> <num> Number: 634 <title> L-tryptophan deaths <desc> How many deaths are attributed to having taken tainted L-tryptophan dietary supplements? <narr> A relevant document will describe a specific case of death attributed to tainted L=tryptophan or will give figures regarding total number of deaths. Reports of illness caused by the supplement that did not result in death are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 635 <title> doctor assisted suicides <desc> What are the arguments for and against doctor assisted suicide in the U.S.? <narr> A relevant document must contain a viewpoint regarding doctor assisted suicide to be relevant. Reports describing actual doctor assisted suicides are not relevant unless the document also presents a pro or con argument. </top> <top> <num> Number: 636 <title> jury duty exemptions <desc> Find documents that discuss reasons why people may be exempted from serving on a jury. <narr> A relevant document must include a specific reason that provides an exemption or list an occupation that causes exemption from jury duty. </top> <top> <num> Number: 637 <title> human growth hormone (HGH) <desc> What are the pros and cons of adults using human growth hormone (HGH)? <narr> A relevant document must discuss a specific application of human growth hormone in adults. Documents about using growth hormone to help short children are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 638 <title> wrongful convictions <desc> Find documents that discuss freed prisoners who have been wrongfully convicted based on faulty forensic evidence, poor police work, or false testimony. <narr> Documents about political prisoners who were freed because of incompetent prosecutions are relevant. However, documents that discuss prisoners who are pardoned or released on bond when their convictions are overturned are not relevant, nor are documents about prisoners freed to make a political statement or prisoners freed for an exchange. </top> <top> <num> Number: 639 <title> consumer on-line shopping <desc> What factors contributed to the growth of consumer on-line shopping? <narr> A relevant document will describe a factor that has contributed to the increase use of on-line shopping by consumers. Documents containing statistical data supporting a growth factor are also relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 640 <title> maternity leave policies <desc> What are the maternity leave policies of various governments? <narr> Relevant documents will contain specific details about a legally-mandated maternity leave policy. Current or passed legislation is relevant, but proposed or in-process legislation is not. Vetoes of bills for maternity leave are irrelevant. Legislation that is passed, but not yet enacted (i.e. to take effect at a specific time in future) is relevant. Issues of cost to businesses and/or government are irrelevant. Statements to the effect of what benefits are not provided are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 641 <title> Valdez wildlife marine life <desc> What was the impact of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on the marine life and wildlife of the area? <narr> Relevant documents must have some specific detail, such as types of animals, the kinds of problems found, and outcome (such as number of animals saved or dead). </top> <top> <num> Number: 642 <title> Tiananmen Square protesters <desc> What happened to protesters arrested in connection with the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in Beijing in the spring of 1989? <narr> Documents must be attributed to the Tiananmen Square demonstrations to be relevant: documents about protests elsewhere in response to Tiananmen Square are not relevant. Specific names, etc. are not necessary for a document to be relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 643 <title> salmon dams Pacific northwest <desc> What harm have power dams in the Pacific northwest caused to salmon fisheries? <narr> To be relevant, a document must include at least one negative impact of dams on the salmon population in the U.S. Pacific northwest. </top> <top> <num> Number: 644 <title> exotic animals import <desc> Identify documents that discuss exotic species of animals that are imported into the U.S. or U.K. <narr> Documents about importing birds are relevant. Documents about importing insects or pests are not relevant. Discussion of exotic animal diseases is not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 645 <title> software piracy <desc> Find documents that discuss the financial impact of software piracy upon the software-producing industry. <narr> Relevant documents must specifically include software piracy: documents that lump the piracy of video, music, software, etc. together are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 647 <title> windmill electricity <desc> Has the use of windmill technology to generate electricity been economically productive? <narr> A relevant document will contain a comparison of the costs of generating electricity through the use of windmills to other more conventional means of generation. </top> <top> <num> Number: 648 <title> family leave law <desc> Identify documents that discuss details of a family leave law, such as how long, compensation, if any, for what reason allowed, etc. <narr> A relevant document must contain some detail about a family leave law to be relevant. The mere mention of the existence of such a law is not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 649 <title> computer viruses <desc> How do computers get infected by computer viruses? <narr> A relevant document will discuss a means by which a computer can become a host to a computer virus. </top> <top> <num> Number: 650 <title> tax evasion indicted <desc> Identify individuals or corporations that have been indicted on charges of tax evasion of more than two million dollars in the U.S. or U.K. <narr> A relevant document will contain details about large-scale tax evasion. Documents about people who lost in excess of two million dollars as a result of doing business with an organization indicted for tax fraud are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 651 <title> U.S. ethnic population <desc> How is the ethnic make-up of the U.S. population changing? <narr> Documents must indicate a shift in the ethnic make-up of the U.S. population. </top> <top> <num> Number: 652 <title> OIC Balkans 1990s <desc> What was the OIC's involvement in the Balkans in 1990-94? <narr> Relevant documents describe the role the OIC played in the Balkan region. Also relevant are documents reflecting the Balkans' players (nations, groups) positions pro or con regarding OIC involvement. </top> <top> <num> Number: 653 <title> ETA Basque terrorism <desc> Find documents that describe the activities of ETA, the Basque terrorist organization, in Spain. <narr> Non-ETA politicians' comments/speculation regarding the organization are not relevant, nor are descriptions of ETA activities outside of Spain. </top> <top> <num> Number: 654 <title> same-sex schools <desc> What are the advantages and disadvantages of same-sex schools? <narr> Any discussion of the relative merits of same-sex schooling is relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 655 <title> ADD diagnosis treatment <desc> How is Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) diagnosed and treated in young children? <narr> Relevant documents specifically address diagnosis and/or treatment of ADD. Simple definitions and descriptions of ADD are not relevant. Documents that discuss studies that could lead to treatment are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 656 <title> lead poisoning children <desc> How are young children being protected against lead poisoning from paint and water pipes? <narr> Documents describing the extent of the problem, including suits against manufacturers and product recalls, are relevant. Descriptions of future plans for lead poisoning abatement projects are also relevant. Worker problems with lead are not relevant. Other poison hazards for children are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 657 <title> school prayer banned <desc> Has prayer in U.S. schools been banned completely? <narr> Relevant documents discuss circumstances under which some schools continue to permit prayer and court rulings on the same. Prayer in non-public schools is relevant, but prayer in schools outside the U.S. is not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 658 <title> teenage pregnancy <desc> Find documents that discuss teenage pregnancy in the United States: the birth rate for teenage mothers, causes and results of teenage pregnancies, and steps taken to reduce the number of teenage pregnancies. <narr> Relevant documents will discuss teenage pregnancy in the United States. Also relevant is information on teenage abortions. </top> <top> <num> Number: 659 <title> cruise health safety <desc> What standards do cruise ships use for health and safety maintenance? <narr> Relevant documents refer to health and safety practices and standards for recreational cruise ships. Not relevant are standards for small pleasure craft or commercial freight ships, tankers, etc. Documents referring to a specific ship's problems are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 660 <title> whale watching California <desc> Find information about whale watching off the coast of California. <narr> Relevant documents make mention of one or more Californian site or guide services for watching whales in their habitat. </top> <top> <num> Number: 661 <title> melanoma treatment causes <desc> What are the causes and treatments for melanoma? <narr> Relevant documents describe causes, diagnosis, and/or treatment of melanoma. Articles on research being conducted that could lead to diagnosis or treatment are also relevant. Articles on other diseases, including other skin cancers, are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 662 <title> telemarketer protection <desc> How can consumers protect against telemarketers? <narr> Relevant are documents describing legislation, regulations, or strategies that help protect consumers against either telemarketing scams or unwanted interruptions by telemarketers. Not relevant are documents describing telemarketing as a business. General complaints about telemarketing are not relevant. "900" number calls are not relevant since they are made by the consumer. </top> <top> <num> Number: 663 <title> Agent Orange exposure <desc> What were the health effects of Vietnam veterans' exposure to Agent Orange? <narr> Only U.S. veterans' outcomes are relevant. Information on studies without results included are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 664 <title> American Indian Museum <desc> What is the National Museum of the American Indian? <narr> Relevant documents will describe the location, the types, and extent of the collections housed, and any relationships with similar museums elsewhere. </top> <top> <num> Number: 665 <title> poverty Africa sub-Sahara <desc> How extensive is poverty in sub-Saharan Africa? <narr> A relevant document must address the extent of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. Items solely about hunger/famine conditions or debt status are not relevant. Mortality rates around the world compared to sub-Sahara Africa are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 666 <title> Thatcher resignation impact <desc> Find historical documents that discuss the impact Prime Minister Margaret Thatchers' resignation had on U.S. and U.K. relations. <narr> A relevant document must specifically discuss the impact of Thatcher's resignation on relations between the U.S. and U.K. </top> <top> <num> Number: 667 <title> unmarried-partner households <desc> Find documents that discuss the increasing trend toward creation of unmarried-partner households in the U.S. <narr> Reference to any laws pertaining to such households as well as same sex households are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 668 <title> poverty, disease <desc> What is the relationship between poverty and disease? <narr> Documents that do not link poverty to diseases directly but mention a link between poverty and health care are relevant. Documents that simply mention poverty and disease but do not draw a connection are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 669 <title> Islamic Revolution <desc> What were the causes for the Islamic Revolution relative to relations with the U.S.? <narr> Relevant documents must discuss the reasons that relations between the Islamic world and the United States have deteriorated. </top> <top> <num> Number: 670 <title> U.S. elections apathy <desc> Why is there such apathy in U.S. elections? <narr> Relevant documents must provide reasons for poor turnout at U.S. elections. </top> <top> <num> Number: 671 <title> Salvation Army benefits <desc> Find documents that cite the specific benefits the Salvation Army provides those in need. <narr> Relevant documents must cite specific work by the Salvation Army to help the needy. </top> <top> <num> Number: 672 <title> NRA membership profile <desc> Find documents that detail the membership profile of the National Rifle Association (NRA). <narr> Relevant documents provide details such as the age, race, or personality of NRA members. Documents that merely state the NRA position on current issues are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 673 <title> Soviet withdrawal Afghanistan <desc> What factors led to the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan? <narr> Documents must provide a reason for the withdrawal; documents that simply report the fact of the withdrawal are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 674 <title> Greenpeace prosecuted <desc> Has Greenpeace been prosecuted or its members arrested for any of its actions? <narr> Relevant documents concern arrest and/or prosecution of members of Greenpeace or the organization itself for actions it has taken. Suits brought by Greenpeace against others are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 675 <title> Olympics training swimming <desc> Find information regarding training for Olympic swim meets. <narr> Relevant documents will include discussion about training conditions, sites and requirements. Stories about individual competitors or about the Olympics in general are irrelevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 676 <title> poppy cultivation <desc> Find information on poppy cultivation and export worldwide. <narr> Relevant documents contain information specific to the cultivation of poppy for exportation, including historical reports on the development of the poppy "industry". Documents regarding legal issues or programs to stop cultivation are not relevant. Incidental mention of/reference to cultivation, export, smuggling of poppies or their products in documents with other emphasis are not relevant. Editorial comment and eradication data are not relevant. Applications of U.S. companies to import poppy (for legal purposes) are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 678 <title> joint custody impact <desc> Find information on joint/shared custody's impact on children. <narr> Both economic and emotional impacts on children of divorce are relevant. Impact on parents is not relevant unless directly connected to the children involved. </top> <top> <num> Number: 679 <title> opening adoption records <desc> Find documents that discuss the U.S. debate about the opening of sealed adoption records to adoptees. <narr> Only documents referring to court-sanctioned adoptions are relevant. Mere descriptions of an individual's experience are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 680 <title> immigrants Spanish school <desc> Find documents that discuss how the use of Spanish in U.S. schools has improved the lives of Mexican immigrants. <narr> Documents must discuss how the use of Spanish in school improves the lives of Spanish-speaking immigrants. Documents that simply mention the use of Spanish are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 681 <title> wind power location <desc> Where are wind power installations located? <narr> Documents must provide the location of specific wind power installations. Descriptions of wind power installations, applications to construct installations, and arguments for/against wind power are all not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 682 <title> adult immigrants English <desc> What is being done to teach English to recently admitted adult immigrants? <narr> Descriptions of any program to teach English to adult immigrants are relevant, as are proposals to establish such programs. Testing programs and programs targeting only children are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 683 <title> Czechoslovakia breakup <desc> Find information on the breakup of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and its social and political impact on the two countries' people. <narr> Editorials are not relevant. Mention of economic impact and difficulties are not relevant. Pre-breakup machinations between the two parties/parts are relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 684 <title> part-time benefits <desc> What businesses or government entities give medical or other benefits to part-time workers? <narr> Documents that mention benefits given specifically to part-time workers are relevant. Not relevant are benefit plans not currently in effect, nor benefits given to full-time workers. </top> <top> <num> Number: 685 <title> Oscar winner selection <desc> How are Oscar winners selected? <narr> Relevant documents describe the process by which Oscar winners are determined, including the methods by which potential awardees are selected and nominated, the qualifications needed to become an eligible voter, and the number of eligible voters. </top> <top> <num> Number: 686 <title> Argentina pegging dollar <desc> What were the negative impacts of Argentina's policy of pegging their peso to the U.S. dollar? <narr> Documents must identify problems that were created due to the pegging of the peso to the dollar. Documents that mention pegging but do not identify problems in the Argentine economy are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 687 <title> Northern Ireland industry <desc> What businesses and industries form the basis of the economy of Northern Ireland? <narr> Relevant documents name at least one business or industry that is a major employer in Northern Ireland. Documents about unemployment or industry closing are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 688 <title> non-U.S. media bias <desc> What bias exists in the media of countries other than the U.S.? <narr> Allegations or evidence of bias in the media of countries other than the U.S. are relevant. External criticism of U.S. media, i.e., bias allegations against U.S. media by external persons, is not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 689 <title> family-planning aid <desc> To which countries does the U.S. provide aid to support family planning, and for which countries has the U.S. refused or limited support? <narr> Relevant documents indicate where U.S. aid supports family planning or where such aid has been denied. Discussions of why aid for family planning has been refused are also relevant. Documents that mention U.S. aid to countries, but not specifically for family planning are not relevant. Descriptions of funds for family planning in the U.S. itself are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 691 <title> clear-cutting forests <desc> What are the objections to the practice of "clear-cutting"? <narr> Relevant documents discuss the reasons for resistance to the practice of "clear-cutting." Discusion of cutting old forests is not associated with clear-cutting and is not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 692 <title> prostate cancer detection treatment <desc> Find information on prostate cancer detection and treatment. <narr> Different kinds of treatment are relevant, but only when tied to prostate cancer. The affliction or treatment of a particular (well-known) individual is not relevant, nor is treatment or detection of benign prostate enlargement (BHP). </top> <top> <num> Number: 693 <title> newspapers electronic media <desc> What has been the effect of the electronic media on the newspaper industry? <narr> Relevant documents must explicitly attribute effects to the electronic media: information about declining readership is irrelevant unless it attributes the cause to the electronic media. </top> <top> <num> Number: 694 <title> compost pile <desc> How do you make a compost pile? <narr> Relevant documents must reflect methods or procedures used to create a compost heap (e.g. dimensions, size, depth, contents or care). </top> <top> <num> Number: 695 <title> white collar crime sentence <desc> What is the usual sentence for those convicted of white collar crimes? <narr> To be relevant, a document must indicate the actual sentence imposed for a white collar crime. </top> <top> <num> Number: 696 <title> safety plastic surgery <desc> Find documents that discuss the safety of or the hazards of cosmetic plastic surgery. <narr> Relevant document must refer to a safety issue regarding an elective cosmetic procedure performed for enhancement of an individual's body image. </top> <top> <num> Number: 697 <title> air traffic controller <desc> What are working conditions and pay for U.S. air traffic controllers? <narr> Relevant documents tell something about working conditions or pay for American controllers. Documents about foreign controllers or an individual controller are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 698 <title> literacy rates Africa <desc> What are literacy rates in African countries? <narr> A relevant document will contain information about the literacy rate in an African country. General education levels that do not specifically include literacy rates are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 699 <title> term limits <desc> What are the pros and cons of term limits? <narr> Relevant documents reflect an opinion on the value of term limits with accompanying reason(s). Documents that cite the status of term limit legislation or opinions on the issue sans reasons for the opinion are not relevant. </top> <top> <num> Number: 700 <title> gasoline tax U.S. <desc> What are the arguments for and against an increase in gasoline taxes in the U.S.? <narr> Relevant documents present reasons for or against raising gasoline taxes in the U.S. Documents discussing rises or decreases in the price of gasoline are not relevant. </top>